Teaching 21 Thinking Skills for the 21st Century: The MiCOSA Model
- By Carol Robinson-Zanartu, Patricia Doerr, Jacqueline Portman
- Pub. Date: Feb 27, 2014 by Pearson.
- ISBN-10: 0-13-269844-7
- ISBN-13: 978-0-13-269844-3
List Price: $39.00
*21st Century Demands and Skills contextualize the work and are referenced throughout the book through MiCOSA's concepts, case scenarios, and strategies.
*21 Thinking Skills are thoroughly explained and illustrated. They enable students to successfully access content and standards, and to develop critical thinking needed in the 21st century. The authors have teacher-tested each skill, individually and often in combination, in real classrooms.
*The Mediation Framework provides the teacher with dialogues and interactions that help students develop depth in and ownership of the thinking skills, and then use or transfer them from one context to another.
*The Common Core State Standards are integrated throughout--in classroom examples, through finding thinking skills in standards, by understanding Big Ideas and essential questions, and of course in lesson planning. Teachers are able to see how MiCOSA's 21 thinking skills connect to and support those standards.
*Over 200 Classroom Strategies support the integration of thinking skills into lessons
and activities. Multiple suggestions to support each thinking skill make it easier
for teachers across content and grade levels to select helpful ideas for their own
classrooms. Strategies build on familiar techniques and introduce many new ones,
supporting gradual integration into the classroom. They are found in the book as
well as in PDToolkit.
* 21 MiCOSA Thinking Skill Cards and Posters each provide a graphic representation
to support understanding. The cards provide sentence starters to help students begin
to bridge and transfer the thinking skill. They can be downloaded from PDToolkit to
support, reinforce, and bridge student learning across content areas. The posters can
be placed around the classroom to remind students of the thinking skills they may be
using or may want to access in any lesson or project.
*Case Examples from Real Classrooms illustrate and help teachers relate to the
concepts. All student examples are drawn from real classroom experiences.
*Video Clips show classroom examples of teachers using many of the concepts
discussed. Throughout the text, icons direct the reader to specific video examples
that are available on PDToolkit. Video examples help “make it real,” allowing teachers
to picture how someone else does it, and then envision how they themselves might
mediate or introduce a given skill into their own lessons.
*Ideas for Working Effectively with Culturally Diverse Students are central to the
model, as well as to 21st century skills of multicultural competence and global
*Up-to-Date Assessment Ideas are integrated into and complement the model.
In addition, MiCOSA includes unique assessments to support both the teacher
and students in evaluating student strengths and challenges with each of the
*The MiCOSA Lesson Planning Guides, both short and long versions, help teachers
integrate thinking skills, standards, assessment, attention to diversity, and strong
content. Lesson planning draws the map for the teacher, and helps teachers
incorporate and track all the key components of the model.
*Teacher Reflection During Reading. As each thinking skill is introduced and
illustrated, teachers are asked to think of a student who might perform better if
he or she was more efficient with that skill: “My example: Think of a student who
is inefficient with ______________.” Then, following a discussion of various
ways to mediate that skill or issue, we ask the teacher to reflect, “How might I
mediate ______________ [the student they named above] .”
* A Scaffolded Guide to Getting Acquainted with MiCOSA outlines a process for
teachers using the book to learn and practice the model. It can be used individually,
in teams, or as a whole school across the year, and provides supporting materials.
Teaching 21 Thinking Skills for the 21st Century: The MiCOSA Model, gives K-12 teachers, administrators, staff development coordinators, and school psychologists practical, hands-on help for developing students’ thinking skills across the curriculum and shows educators how to help students use the information they gain to solve problems and innovate new solutions in today’s diverse and challenging classrooms and world. The book details 21 essential and critical thinking skills, using case examples from real classroom and multiple video clips to illustrate the concepts, and includes over 100 classroom strategies to augment and support the examples of the mediation presented in the MiCOSA Model.
Table of Contents
PART I: CONTEXTUAL AND CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORKS
CHAPTER 1. THE MiCOSA MODEL and ITS 21ST CENTURY CONTEXTS
21st Century Contexts
Introducing the MiCOSA Model
Core Components of the MiCOSA Model
PART II: CRITICAL COMPONENTS OF THE MiCOSA MODEL
CHAPTER 2. PRIOR KNOWLEDGE and CULTURAL GROUNDING
The Power of Personal Narrative
Activating and Using Prior Knowledge and Cultural Grounding
Motivation, Mediation, and Meaning in Diverse Classrooms
Supporting the Development of Your Own Story
CHAPTER 3. MEDIATING CONVERSATIONS for ENHANCED THINKING
Intent and Reciprocity
CHAPTER 4. THINKING SKILLS for GATHERING INFORMATION
Focus and Attention
Labels, Words, and Concepts
Position in Space
Position in Time
Precision and Accuracy
CHAPTER 5. THINKING SKILLS for TRANSFORMING INFORMATION
Ordering, Grouping, and Categorizing
Finding Connections and Relationships
Cause and Effect -- Hypothesizing
CHAPTER 6. THINKING SKILLS for COMMUNICATING INFORMATION
Labels, Words, and Concepts
Precision and Accuracy
Feedback for Self-Regulation
PART III: IMPLEMENTING MiCOSA
CHAPTER 7. CONTENT, CURRICULUM, and STANDARDS: FINDING the THINKING SKILLS and WRITING OBJECTIVES
Locating Explicit Thinking Skills
Locating Implicit Thinking Skills
Thinking Skills Underlying Common Terms in Standards
Finding Patterns in Standards
From Standards to Thinking Skills and Content Objectives
CHAPTER 8. TEACHING for TRANSFER: GETTING to the BIG IDEAS
Differentiating Near and Far Transfer of Learning
Understanding and Using Big Ideas
Teaching for Transfer with MiCosa
CHAPTER 9 THE POWER of ASSESSMENT
What Assessments Inform Student Understanding?
Supporting Student Involvement in Assessment
Using Feedback in Formative Assessment
A Synthesis of the Assessment Components
CHAPTER 10 LESSON PLANNING: PULLING IT ALL TOGETHER
MiCOSA'S Teacher's Guide to Planning Instruction
MiCOSA Lesson Planning Formats
PART IV: MOTIVATING TOMORROW'S LEARNING
CHAPTER 11 ENGAGING EXPECTATIONS and PROMOTING RESILIENCE
Teacher Expectations and Student Resilience
Raising Student Self-Expectations
Expectations of Parents: Re-Thinking Parent Involvement
APPENDIX A LIST OF STRATEGIES THAT SUPPORT the MiCOSA MODEL
APPENDIX B MiCOSA STUDENT THINKING SKILLS SURVEY
APPENDIX C STUDENT THINKING SKILLS ORGANIZER
APPENDIX D PARENT/TEACHER THINKING SKILLS INTERVIEW/QUESTIONNAIRE